Power produced by solar and wind turbines needs to be stored and the larger the solar-wind system, the larger the battery capacity needs to be. The largest deep-cycle batteries available on the market today are 250-300Ah and this may not be enough for your system. If this is the case, we need to connect a number of batteries together to create a battery bank with a greater collective capacity. We may also want to change the system voltage from 12V to 24V or 48V; this could be because we want to use 24V devices or because we want to reduce power loss by increasing the system voltage.
There are various ways that you may choose to wire together a number of batteries in order to create a battery bank to suit your requirements. As a general rule, connecting batteries 'in series' (i.e. +ve to -ve to +ve to -ve) adds the voltages together, but the Ah capacity remains the same; connecting batteries 'in parallel' (i.e. -ve to -ve and +ve to +ve) combines the capacities, but leaves the voltage unchanged.
Golden Rules with Batteries
Parallel Battery Bank Connections:
Battery Bank Connected in Series:
Combined Series/Parallel Battery Connections:
Leading Edge has a wide range of 12V DC solar panels suitable for 12V, 24V and 48V battery banks. Choose from professional-grade monocrystalline glass modules with ultra-high efficiency SunPower cells for a range of industrial/commercial applications, and walkable marine solar panels from Solara.
By including a wind turbine, you can generate even more power round the clock, not just when the sun shines. Take a look at our range of off-grid wind turbines, made here in the UK, choose one that will suit your power requirement or contact us for advice from one of our off-grid specialists.
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